Abstract Of The Nexus between the Temporary Marriage and Early Child Marriages
The present study is a step towards deeper understanding of the phenomenon of Temporary Marriage (TM) and its role in promoting early Child Marriages (ECM) in Iran. The article reveals that traditional families wish to control sexual behaviour and avoid social pressures such as when people admonish the mingling of youth in mixed gatherings and thus they decide to make these boys and girls Mahram to one another through temporary Marriage. This study reveal the fact that while temporary marriage is playing a role to legalize illicit relationships, on the other hand, facilitate the narrative of Early Child Marriage (ECM) is Iran. The article places an emphasis that ECM is not only the by-product of the temporary marriage but also a discourse which stigmatized the younger generation from various ways. The article also tells the reader that Religion is just a contributory factor, however, this is more about control and power which the patriarchal society and masculine culture in place over the vulnerable segment.
Due to the cultural and religious vulnerability of the research topic and difficulty of reaching the samples, probability sampling has been used. Theoretical saturation and data saturation was achieved after having 100 interviews. More interviews were conducted however, in order to make the results more reliable. The researchers agreed on theoretical saturation and comprehensiveness of the research after interviewing 216 people. However, the experts for qualitative method contributed in supervision and providing guidance throughout the study. Of the 216 interviewees, 35% were men and 65% were women. Data of the present study have been collected through free and in-depth interview technique. The interviews were conducted first and then they were analysed and interpreted through theoretical coding (open, axial and selective). In order to collect data, and for the purpose of reaching important concepts and categories of participants, informal interview method was applied. At the second stage, the concepts and categories achieved in the process of interview were pursued in line with sampling. When the general themes of interviews were formed through concepts and categories, interview questions were standardized by semi-structured interview method. The process was continued until theoretical saturation was achieved. Afterwards, major categories, sub-categories and concepts were achieved through implementing open coding and simultaneously with data collection. Through axial coding, sub-categories became related to each other and also to major categories. Types of categories were also identified in terms of being causal, procedural and consequential.