Male Circumcision in Iran


Male Circumcision in Iran

You can find useful information about Male Circumcision in Iran in the above Motion Graphic. The text below will give you additional information.There is no trace of male or female genital mutilation/cutting (also known as male or female genital mutilation FGM/C & MGM/C) in Iran’s historical records and documents, and from the available evidence, it is clear that circumcision was not practiced in Iran before the advent of Islam.According to hadiths and jurisprudential texts, ‘circumcision’ refers to the removal of all or part of the skin covering the glans. ‎In traditional societies, circumcision, or the cutting of a child’s genitals, was performed together with a special ritual to reduce the fear and trauma of the child entering adulthood. However, in contemporary societies, where every person under the age of 18 years is considered a child and any modification to his (or her) body is therefore without consent and a violation of that child’s rights, this practice has received criticism.

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Kameel Ahmady is a British-Iranian researcher working in the field of social anthropology, with a particular focus on gender, children, ethnic minorities, and child labour. Kameel was born in Iranian Kurdistan (also known as East Kurdistan). He obtained his Master’s degree in Social Anthropology and Visual Ethnography from the University of Kent, UK. His academic pursuits include specialized courses in Middle Eastern Politics and Research Methods from other British institutions. Known for studying harmful traditions, Ahmady serves as both a supervisor and developer for his teamwork research publications in Farsi, Kurdish, and English. In 2017, he was honoured with “Honour” prize by the UK based IKWRO organization at the University of Law in London. Subsequently, in 2018, at George Washington University, Global P.E.A.C.E. foundation bestowed upon him the “Literature and Humanities” award in recognition of his contributions to the field. Among his group works are titles such as ” Conformity and Resistance in Mahabad,” ” Another Look at East and Southeast of Turkey,” “In the Name of Tradition,” “A House on Water,” “The Echo of Silence,” ” Traces of Exploitation in Childhood,” and more….

FAQ About Male Circumcision

  • Why do Muslims circumcise? Circumcision in Islam is considered a religious obligation for male Muslims. The practice is based on the Islamic teachings which emphasised the importance of circumcision as part of the fitrah (natural disposition) and cleanliness in Islam. It is seen as a symbol of purification and adherence to Islamic faith.
  • What is the best age for circumcision surgery according to Islamic tradition? While there is no specific age prescribed for circumcision in Islam, it is commonly performed during infancy or early childhood. Many Muslim families choose to have their sons circumcised shortly after birth or before reaching the age of puberty. However, the exact timing may vary based on cultural traditions and individual family preferences.
  • Why do Iranians circumcise? Some beliefs, norms, attitudes, and political and economic systems have played a role in the continuation of this traditional practice in Iran.  Circumcision also known as Male Genital Mutilation/Cutting (MGM/C) is widely practised in Iran due to its religious significance, cultural traditions, and social expectations. It is considered a religious obligation for Muslim males, symbolising purity and adherence to Islamic teachings. Additionally, circumcision is deeply rooted in Iranian culture, preserving traditions and strengthening social cohesion. While health considerations and potential benefits may also influence the decision, the multifaceted motivations behind circumcision highlight its importance as a religious and cultural rite of passage in Iran.
  • What are the benefits of and reasons for male circumcision? Only 20% of all men in the world are circumcised, most of them Muslims and Jews. Circumcision may be done for various religious, cultural, medical, aesthetic, social and economic reasons, usually upon parental request. However, circumcision has many critics who consider the practice to be a violation of a child’s rights and believe that circumcision is a form of mutilation that, alongside other physical and psychological harms, reduces sexual pleasure.
  • What are the disadvantages of male circumcision? 80% of the world’s men have never been circumcised. Some opponents believe that penile sensation is almost halved after circumcision. Therefore, although the ‘medical mafia’ still prevents the free flow of information to the general public, the decision should be left to the child when he grows up. Some child-rights activists, based on the independent knowledge of medical science and statements by the World Health Organization, argue that the presence of the foreskin keeps the penis moist, protects the growing penis and enhances sexual pleasure due to the presence of many nerve receptors. Also, the foreskin helps to provide extra skin during erection and prevents the penis from abrasion and scarring during sexual activity. The foreskin of a baby protects the penis from ammonia and faeces in the diaper.
  • Does circumcision reduce libido? There are contradictory pieces of evidence and opinions on the effect of circumcision on sexual activity. Some opponents believe that, after circumcision, the sensation of the penis is reduced by almost half. Some studies have concluded that uncircumcised people have better sexual experiences than circumcised people, the definitive point being that the foreskin has more sensitivity points for sexual stimulation – therefore, after circumcision, the sensitivity of the male penis to stimulation decreases. The foreskin is more pleasurable for both men and women during sexual activity, according to additional evidence.