You can find useful information about Temporary Marriage in Iran in the above Motion Graphic. The text below will give you additional information.
Temporary marriage or ‘Sigheh’ in Farsi/Persian is a private and verbal temporary marriage contract that is practised in Twelver Shia Islam. In this form of marriage, the duration of the marriage and the mahriyeh i.e., the obligation, in the form of money or possessions paid by the groom, to the bride at the time of marriage must be specified and agreed upon in advance. The period of the marriage is also specified in advance, therefore, it is called temporary marriage.
FAQ About Temporary Marriage
- How do men find a girl for mut’ah in Iran? In Iran, finding a woman for mut’ah, or temporary marriage, can be approached through various means. There are online platforms and agencies run websites where individuals can search for potential partners for temporary marriage ( Virgin girls can not enter in to temporary marrige without permission of father / guardians ). These platforms provide a space for individuals to express their willingness to engage in temporary marriage and connect with others who share the same intention. Additionally, through personal connections and introductions within the community. Some time locals and elders may play a role in facilitating such arrangements by connecting individuals interested in temporary marriage. Some critics argues that in addition to violation of the rights of women and children, psychological stress and social stigma, temporary marriages also has some consequences for women related to child custody.
- Is temporary marriage exclusively prevalent among Shia? While temporary marriage, or mut’ah, is more commonly associated with Islam Shia, it is not exclusive to this branch of Islam. Temporary marriage is primarily practised by Shia Muslims, who consider it a legitimate form of marriage sanctioned by their religious beliefs. However, it’s worth noting that some Sunni Muslims also engage in temporary marriage, although it is less common within Sunni communities. The practices and interpretations of temporary marriage may vary among different Islamic sects and communities, with Shia Muslims generally being more accepting of its validity.
- Are there any available free websites for temporary marriage in Iran? The availability and functionality of websites and social media channels specifically dedicated to temporary marriage in Iran can vary over time, and it is challenging to provide specific information on the existence of free websites. It’s important to note that the topic of temporary marriage can be sensitive, and the legal and more specifically, social context surrounding it may influence the availability and operation of such platforms. All togather individuals interested in temporary marriage should exercise caution and thoroughly research the credibility, privacy, and legitimacy of any website they consider using, ensuring compliance with legal regulations and personal safety. Its important to note that many believe this form of marriage consider it as an excuse for the morally loose behavior of some men as well as a violation of the rights of women and children.
- Does temporary marriage in Iran adhere to Islamic principles (Halal)? In the context of Shia Islam, temporary marriage, or mut’ah, is considered permissible (Halal) according to the fatwas (religious rulings) issued by Shia scholars. These scholars assert that temporary marriage is a valid form of marriage and has a legal basis in Islamic teachings. However, it’s important to note that opinions on temporary marriage can differ among scholars. While the permissibility of temporary marriage is recognized by Shia scholars, it’s advisable for individuals seeking guidance on this matter to consult with knowledgeable religious authorities who can provide specific fatwas and religious interpretations aligned with their particular school of thought. Personal beliefs and individual interpretations may also influence how temporary marriage is viewed by different individuals and communities within Iran.
- What are the rules for temporary marriage? Many of the requirements of a permanent marriage are absent in the case of temporary marriage. The conditions of temporary marriage are as follows: recitation of the temporary marriage formula sermon by a wise and mature person (there is no need to hire a lawyer, and if the husband and wife are not fluent in Arabic, they can read the temporary marriage formula form in Persian or any other common language as well), determining the amount of the dowry and the duration of the temporary marriage with the consent of both sides, at the time of entering into a temporary contract, the woman should not be in a permanent or temporary marriage with another man, and if she is already married, the period of her Udda must have expired (Udda in Islamic jurisprudence is the time between two marriages, the period of Udda of permanent marriage is about three months and Udda of temporary marriage is about forty-five days). A menopausal woman is not required to keep an Udda. Temporary marriage is not allowed without the permission of the father or legal protector of the girl. Men are forbidden to marry adulterous women even for a temporary marriage.
- What is Iran’s official law regarding temporary marriage? According to Islamic jurisprudence and the official laws of the country, the various forms of temporary marriage, despite their different nature, are considered the same. This is while the ambiguities about legal and religious aspects of temporary marriage, without considering Iran’s social conditions, have led to unpleasant consequences such as child marriage, children and teenagers dropping out of school, violation of women’s rights, as well as physical injuries and psychological pressures, especially for girls and women.
- What are the solutions to reduce the disadvantages of temporary marriage? Legal measures to increase the age level of temporary marriage, the official and legal registration of temporary marriages in official offices, making the education system compulsory and free, providing free legal and health counseling in temporary marriage, the establishment of legal and restrictive measures, legislation for allowance and the right of dissolution in favor of women in temporary marriage, improving economic conditions and providing work and employment opportunities for women, considering the role of clerics as influential forces among religious people to change the custom of temporary marriage, as well as creating convenient cultural and social setting through mass media and non-governmental organizations, are among the solutions that are often mentioned to reduce the complications of temporary marriage.
- How is the ceremony of temporary marriage performed? Temporary marriage, like formal marriage, has a formula that is recited in two ways. In the first way, there is a lawyer or clergy, or any other mature and wise person, who represents both sides and recites the formula. The original formula is in Arabic but it can be performed in any language. It starts with the lawyer saying “I made my clients married to each other for a specified duration upon the known and specified mahr”. Then, representing the other side he should say, “I accepted the marriage for my client as such.” In the second way, the man and the woman recite the formula themselves. To do this, the woman should say, “I married myself to you for a specified duration upon the known (specified) mahr”; then, the man should say, “I accepted”. Thus, they become mahram to each other. Termination outside the period specified in the temporary form can be done by the woman unilaterally.