A house on water

A Comprehensive Study Research on Temporary Marriage in Iran

Persian: Shirazeh Publication, 2019

English: Mehri Publication, London-UK 2019

 Download PDF in Farsi    Download PDF in English

There are paradoxical views of temporary marriage in Iranian society. Proponents view temporary marriage as a factor in preventing prostitution and moral decadence in society, while opponents view it as a way for men to violate the rights of women and children. A considerable number of women in the country do not agree with Sigheh / temporary marriage, which has always been associated with disobedience and not much accepted, but legislation has given temporary marriage semi-legal status, and the religious section of Iranian society has accepted and adhered to temporary marriage as a form of informal cohabitation.

The jurisprudence and official law of the country consider temporary marriage and forced marriage because of unintended pregnancy (‘gunshot’ weddings) the same despite their different nature. These issues have not been viewed as separate and independent up to now, while legal and religious ambiguity about temporary marriage and forced / gunshot marriage have led to unpleasant consequences such as early childbearing, dropping out of school, violating women’s rights and physical and psychological harm especially to girls and women regardless of the social conditions of Iran. Forced marriage may arise from issues around unintended pregnancy and family ‘honour’ and sometimes temporary marriage does not even have the protection of the law which does exist.

The main motivation for researching temporary marriage and ‘honour’ based forced marriage its legal interpretation whilst conducting research on child marriage (reported in the book Echo of Silence) was that there are many children who enter into ‘marriage’ in secret, without any legal status at all. There are legal vacuums but also some social norms and facilitation of early marriage. The new modes of temporary marriage, together with its legal weaknesses and effects and harms, can impact on individuals, especially women.

In addition to examining the consequences of temporary marriage of children, the book House on Water examined the emergence and prevalence of these new forms of adult marriage, its legal weaknesses, and its effects on individuals, especially women, in cases of miscarriage, alimony, custody, and unwanted pregnancies for first time in Iran. The study examines temporary marriage and new ways of attending it in the metropolitan communities of Tehran, Mashhad and Isfahan.

Related Articles:

Changing the Attitude of Young People Towards Marriage with a Focus on Law and Environmental Conditions such as Religion and Custom

Attitudes of Present Generation Towards Marriage with a Socio-cultural Focus

Temporary Marriage an Approved Way of Submission

The Nexus between the Temporary Marriage and Early Child Marriages


Online shopping, book link:

House on the Water, Kameel Ahmady, Shirazeh Publishing

House on the Water, Kameel Ahmady, English Version, Mehri Publishing

Summary of the research in PDF- in English

Summary of the research in PDF- in Farsi:

(Video and TV Interviews in Farsi):

Iran Wire: Children are the most important victims of temporary marriage

Conversation with Didar News: Sigeh/temporary marriage is one of the ways to facilitate child marriage

Media coverage (also in Farsi):

The Guardian: British dual national Kameel Ahmady detained in Iran

Kameel Ahmady—British-Iranian Anthropologist Arrested in Iran

Endangered scholars: Kameel Ahmady—British-Iranian academic Released in Iran

Scotsman: World needs to shout about scholars silenced by the state

Online News: One Million Children marriage in Iran and the phenomenon of child temporary marriage

Shargh Newspaper: Temporary marriage, home on the water


Shargh Newspaper: We have one million spouse children in the country


Hamshahri Newspaper: Little Women Saying Goodbye to School

BBC: 24% of Iranian marriages are teenage marriages

Iran Wire: Children are the most important victims of temporary marriage

IRNA: A Sociological Analysis of the Dangers of Temporary, White, and Sigheh Marriages

IRNA: Metamorphosis in Temporary Marriage and Its Damages

IRNA: The Tragedy of Social Researchers in Iran / Part I

IRNA: Corruption, Rent and Gambling Have Dropped into the Scientific Community / Part II

Didar News: From Sandwich concoction to travel and pilgrimage concoctions! / Public Offices Show Temporary Marriage Woman`s Album!

Ana: Marriage of children under the age of 13 is prohibited

Newsland: temporary and child marriage is the meaning of sexual assault of children

Aasso: A House on the Water, a book about temporary marriage

PezhvakeIran: From Sandwich concoction to travel and pilgrimage concoctions! / Public Offices Show Temporary Marriage Woman`s Album

Etedal: The destruction of the future of children with temporary marriage

Beautiful Isfahan: A house on the water

Salamat News: child marriage is the meaning of sexual assault of children

Hana News: A House on Water; Comprehensive Research on Temporary Marriage and Miscarriage in Iran

Ebtekar Newspaper: Child marriage, widow and prostitute

Bahar News: Early Marriage of Children; House on Water

Tabnak: What is the biggest reason for the trend toward temporary marriage?

Fararu: The biggest reason for the tendency to “temporary marriage” in Iran

Rouydad 24: Iranian society is faced with the crisis of not responding to the sexual needs of young people

Razavi News Agency: People learn about sexual reactions from their culture / Women’s legal and psychological deterioration in temporary marriage

IBNA: Unidentified children are the product of temporary marriage / Emphasis on the necessity of formulating the necessary rules

Didar News: Different Dimensions of Temporary Marriage in ‘House on the Water’

Mojib Counseling Center: What is the reason for young people’s tendency to temporary marriage?